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Technologies Glossary
      SiP
      HDMI
      SDHC
      ReadyBoost
      Encryption
      NVIDIA SLI
      NVIDIA Hybrid SLI
      ESA
      NVIDIA PureVideo
      PCI Express
      Windows Vista
      Extreme HD
      Bluetooth
      GSM
      SATA
      CUDA
SiP

(System in Package) is a number of integrated circuits enclosed in a single package. SiP reduces the complexity of the printed circuit board and overall design and manufacture.




HDMI

(High-Definition Multimedia Interface) is a compact audio/video interface for transmitting
uncompressed digital data.




SDHC

(Secure Digital High Capacity) cards are memory cards developed by the SD Card Association for use in portable devices. SD cards have a maximum capacity of 2GB*; SDHC cards have capacities ranging from 4GB* to 32GB*. SDHC cards are not backwards compatible with legacy SD format host devices.

What is Class Speed Rating?
The SD Association has created and defined 4 speed classes to help you identify speed and performance capabilities/minimum requirements of SD/SDHC cards and the host products. The SD Speed Class Ratings specify a minimum sustained write speed for SDHC cards.

Class Rating Minimum Guaranteed Write Speed
2MB/sec - Ideal storage for your files,
documents, and photos
4MB/sec - Ideal for photos
and video
6MB/sec - Ideal for HD video and
Hi-megapixel photos
10MB/sec - Action photography,
detailed photos, and HD video

*Please note: For Flash Media Devices, 1 megabyte = 1 million bytes; 1 gigabyte = 1 billion bytes. Actual usable capacity may vary. Some of the listed capacity is used for formatting and other functions, and thus is not available for data storage.




ReadyBoost™

Windows® ReadyBoost™ improves system responsiveness and boosts performance. Windows® Vista™ introduces Windows® ReadyBoost™, a new concept in adding memory to a system. You can use non-volatile flash memory, such as that on a universal serial bus (USB) flash drive, to improve performance without having to add additional system memory "under the hood”.




Encryption

Encryption is the conversion of data into a form, called a ciphertext, that cannot be easily understood by unauthorized people. Basically is it protection for your data.




NVIDIA SLI

A revolutionary approach to scalability—combining multiple graphics cards in a PC to scale performance—NVIDIA® SLI™ technology takes advantage of the increased bandwidth of the PCI Express™ bus architecture, and features intelligent hardware and software solutions that allow multiple NVIDIA GPUs to efficiently work together to deliver earth-shattering performance.




NVIDIA Hybrid SLI

Hybrid SLI technology, based on NVIDIA's industry-leading SLI technology, delivers multi-GPU benefits when a NVIDIA motherboard GPU is combined with a NVIDIA discrete GPU.




ESA

The Enthusiast System Architecture (ESA) is the industry’s first open-standard PC monitoring and control protocol for real-time communication and control of system thermal, electrical, acoustic and operating characteristics.




NVIDIA PureVideo

NVIDIA PureVideo™ technology is a combination of the GeForce 6, 7 and 8 Series GPUs’ high-definition video processor and NVIDIA video decode software that delivers unprecedented picture clarity, smooth video, accurate color, and precise image scaling for all video content on any display.




PCI Express

PCI Express is a new Intel PC bus architecture that doubles the bandwidth of the AGP 8X bus, delivering over 4GB per second in both upstream and downstream data transfers. The graphics processing unit (GPU) has the largest bandwidth appetite of all PC subsystems, and from the start NVIDIA has been a key contributor to the PCI Express architecture, as a developer, a supporter, and as a provider of PCI Express graphics solutions.




Windows Vista

Continuing its commitment to develop innovative products that enhance the end-user experience, NVIDIA has been working with Microsoft in preparation for the highly anticipated, next-generation Windows® operating system (OS)-Windows Vista™ (formerly Windows code name "Longhorn").




Extreme HD

Go beyond standard high definition (HD) and experience Extreme High Definition (XHD), the ultimate widescreen, ultra-high-resolution PC experience made possible by NVIDIA® GeForce® graphics processing units (GPUs). XHD has over 4x the picture clarity of native 1080i HD televisions and 2x the picture clarity of 1080p HD televisions on today’s hottest PC games.




Bluetooth

Bluetooth is a specification for the use of low-power radio communications to wirelessly link phones, computers and other network devices over short distances. The name "Bluetooth" is borrowed from Harald Bluetooth, who was a king in Denmark more than 1,000 years ago.

Bluetooth technology was designed primarily to support simple wireless networking of personal consumer devices and peripherals, including cell phones, PDAs, and wireless headsets. The wireless signals transmitted in Bluetooth reach over short distances, typically up to 30 feet (10 meters). Bluetooth devices generally communicate at less than 1 Mbps.




GSM

GSM phones require a small electronic chip, called a SIM card, to be inserted into a slot in the handset. This international SIM card is the "heart" of your phone - it contains your cell phone number, your phone book, and all of your registration information. Most companies with GSM service provide you access to over 320 GSM networks in over 140 countries.

What are Unlocked GSM Phones?
Unlocked GSM phones are either (a) phones which are directly from the manufacturer which were locked, or (b) phones from a carrier which have been modified to openly work on any network.




SATA

Serial ATA (Serial Advanced Technology Attachment or SATA) is a new standard for connecting hard drives into computer systems. As its name implies, SATA is based on serial signaling technology, unlike current IDE (Integrated Drive Electronics) hard drives that use parallel signaling.

SATA has several practical advantages over the parallel signaling (also called Parallel ATA or PATA) that has been used in hard drives since the 1980s. SATA cables are more flexible, thinner, and less massive than the ribbon cables required for conventional PATA hard drives. SATA cables can be considerably longer than PATA ribbon cables, allowing the designer more latitude in the physical layout of a system. Because there are fewer conductors (only 7 in SATA as compared with 40 in PATA), crosstalk and electromagnetic interference (EMI) are less likely to be troublesome. The signal voltage is much lower as well (250 mV for SATA as compared with 5 V for PATA).




CUDA

(Compute Unified Device Architecture) is a parallel computing architecture developed by NVIDIA. CUDA enabled products accelerate the most demanding tasks such as – 3D graphics rendering, video/audio encoding, data encryption/decryption/compression, medical imaging, and scientific research.